How coffee grows and ripens

The growth of the coffee tree is not uniform throughout the year. Growth is faster during the rainy season, which is also facilitated by favorable temperatures and sunshine. With the exception of countries very close to the equator, such as Kenya and Colombia, coffee plants go through one growth and fruiting cycle per year.The growth of the coffee tree is not uniform throughout the year. Growth is faster during the rainy season, which is also facilitated by favorable temperatures and sunshine. With the exception of countries very close to the equator, such as Kenya and Colombia, coffee plants go through one growth and fruiting cycle per year.

Growth and maturation of coffee

The growth of the coffee tree is not uniform throughout the year. Growth is faster during the rainy season, which is also facilitated by favorable temperatures and sunshine. With the exception of countries very close to the equator, such as Kenya and Colombia, coffee plants go through one growth and fruiting cycle per year.

After the first rains, flowering begins, followed by the development of coffee berries. Then comes the dry season, during which the plant’s metabolism slows down. In equatorial regions, the intersection of several tropical climatic zones results in two rainy and two dry seasons. Accordingly, coffee trees go through two different growth, flowering and fruiting cycles.

During the first year of life, the coffee tree produces 4 to 8 levels of first-order branches. After two years, the plant reaches one meter in height. Usually the height of a 3-4-year-old plant does not exceed two meters. At this time, the interaction of the root system and the branches of the plant determines the flow of nutrients from the roots to the leaves, and the plant reaches the stage of maturity. Then it is ready for the first flowering and enters its productive stage – the second stage of plant life.

However, the ripening time of the plant – the time before the first flowers appear, can vary greatly depending on the variety. Modern high-performance coffee varieties begin to bloom in the second year of life, and by the third year they reach the threshold value of fruiting.